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WHAT IS BLACK HISTORY MONTH?....


It s the month we celebrate the progress and diversity of African American achievement.In the 1920's Carter G. Woodson, an African American, created and promoted Negro History Week. He chose the month of February becase it included the birthdays of Frederick Douglas and Abraham Lincoln.

WHY WE NEED BLACK HISTORY MONTH - ALL YEAR AROUNDby Henry Martey Codjoe

FEBRUARY IS BLACK HISTORY MONTH by Yaw Boateng










CLINTON TO PARDON FIRST WEST POINT BLACK GRADUATE [posted 1999-02-22 13:50:04]

THOMASVILLE, Ga. (AP) - In his last two years at West Point, not one cadet spoke to Henry O. Flipper, a campaign of silence that failed to destroy his drive to become the school's first black graduate. Flipper persevered against the shunning, graduating in 1877, and the former slave persevered until his death at the age of 84 against the apparently racially motivated charges that led to his dishonorable discharge a few years later. Nearly 60 years after Flipper's death, President Clinton was to pardon the Army's first commissioned black officer at a ceremony in Washington tonight. Retired Gen. Colin Powell, who kept a photo of Flipper on his wall while serving as chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, was expected to attend along with other black officers and Flipper's descendants.

Clinton To Pardon First West Point Black Graduate




CLINTON PARDONS PORT CHICAGO SAILOR [posted 1999-12-28 13:23:12]     Kevin Galvin Associated Press

WASHINGTON (AP) President Clinton today pardoned a Black sailor court-martialed for mutiny when he and others refused to load live ammunition following a deadly 1944 explosion on two transport ships. Freddie Meeks of Los Angeles is one of only two known surviving members of the 50-man crew sentenced to three months in prison following the incident at the Port Chicago Naval Magazine near San Francisco. He alone formally sought a pardon. The explosion killed 320 men. Lawmakers, veterans' groups and the NAACP had urged Clinton to grant a pardon, contending that the sailors were the victims of racial prejudice.

WORLD AFRICAN NETWORK

From Morgan Freeman, A Story of Black Sailors' 'Mutiny'

Fallen Heroes, Forgotten Heroes




1932 - BILL PICKET , well-known cowboy who was acclaimed by President Theodore Roosevelt as 'one of the best trained ropers and riders the West has produced," dies. Pickett per-formed as a bulldogger in Europe, Mexico, and the U.S ., where he was often assisted by two relatively unknown white cowboys, Tom Mix and Will Rogers.

1839 - ROBERT SMALLS is born into slavery in Beaufort, S.C. He will become a Civil War hero by sailing an armed Confederate steamer out of Charleston Harbor and presenting it to the Union Navy and be a three-term congressman from his state.

1990 - Seven African-American journalists are inducted into the newly created Hall of Fame of the National Association of Black Journalists in Washing-ton, D.C. Dubbed "pioneers of mainstream journalism," the inductees include DOROTHY BUTLER GILLIAN of the Washington Post, MELVIN R. GOODE of ABC News, MAL H. JOHNSON of Cox Broad-casting, GORDON PARKS of Life magazine, TED POSTON of the New York Post, NORMA QUARLES of Cable News Network, and CARL T. ROWAN of King Features Syndicate . Twelve Pulitzer Prize winners are also honored at the awards ceremonies.

1939 - When she is refused admission to the Daughters of the American Revolution's Constitutional Hall to give a planned concert, MARIAN ANDERSON per-forms for 75,000 on the steps of the Lincoln Memorial. Two months later, she wil l be honored with the NAACP's Spingarn Medal for her talents as "one of the greatest singers of our time" and for "her magnificent dignity as a human being."

Source:

BOYNTON'S CALENDAR African American History










BENJAMIN BANNEKER


In 1761, Benjamin Banneker constructed the first wooden clock in America. It kept perfect time for 50 years.

In 1792, President George Washington, on the recommendation of the Secretary of State, Thomas Jefferson, appointed Banneker to a six-member team to help lay out the magnificent grandeur of design that ranks our nation's capital outstanding among world capitals

Without Benjamin Banneker, our nation's capital would not exist as we know it. After a year of work, the Frenchman hired by George Washington to design the capital, L'Enfant, stormed off the job, taking all the plans. Banneker, placed on the planning committee at Thomas Jefferson's request, saved the project by reproducing from memory, in two days, a complete layout of the streets, parks, and major buildings. Thus Washington, D.C. itself can be considered a monument to the genius of this great man

Benjamin BannekerThe First African-American Inventor


BEN JAMIN BANNEKER

Banneker items Close To Being Auctioned

ENGINES OF OUR INGENUITY








ALEXANDRE DUMAS




The nineteenth century has surely given the world more prolific writers than any other, but none perhaps was to prove more productive than the grandson of a French marquis and a black slave: Alexandre Dumas. His collected works run to something over three hundred titles, two of which--The Three Musketeers and The Count of Monte Cristo--have been internationally beloved since their initial publication some 150 years ago.

The life and resurrection of Alexandre DumasThe grandson of a Haitian slave, he became the most famous author in France; now, his rousing Romantic novels are enjoying renewed popularity

Alexandre Dumas, Jr.-(1824-1895)French playwright and novelist, illegitimate son of Alexandre Dumas, who however supported his sons education with care. Dumas fils best-know work is The Lady of the Camillas.


A Profile of Alexandre Dumas

Alexandre Dumas, Sr. (1802-1878)contains a listing of the works of Dumas










CHARLES RICHARD DREW (1904-1950)


Dr. Charles Richard Drew was the first person to develop the blood bank. His introduction of a system for the storing of blood plasma revolutionized the medical profession. Drew first utilized his system on the battlefields of Europe and the Pacific during World War II. He later organized the world's first blood bank project - Blood for Britain. He also established the American Red Cross Blood Bank, of which he was the first director. . He was born in Washington, D.C. As the first director of the American Red Cross Blood Bank, Drew encouraged public awareness that blood banks do not need to be segregated by race. He practiced medicine and taught surgery throughout his career.

DR. CHARLES RICHARD DREW


CHARLES RICHARD DREWAccomplished Scientist, Physician, Blood Plasma Researcher


Dr. Charles Ricard Drew-Scentist & Medical PioneerAmerican Red Cross-Virtual Museum









BEN CARSON


Dr. Benjamin Carson,one of the wrld's most gifted surgeons was born in Detroit, Michigan. After graduating with honors from high school, he attended Yale University where he earned a degree in Psychology. From Yale he went to the Medical School of the University of Michgan, where his interest shifted from psychology to neurosurgery. After medical school he became a neurosurgery resident at the world famous Johns Hopkins Hospital in Baltimore. At the age of 32, he became the hospital's Director of Pediatric Neurosurgery.

In 1987, Carson made medical history with an operation to separate a pair of Siamese twins. The Binder twins were born joined at the back of the head. Operations to separate twins joined in this way had always failed, resulting in the death of one or both of the infants. Carson agreed to undertake the operation. A 70-member surgical team, led by Dr. Carson, worked for 22 hours. At the end, the twins were successfully separated and can now survive independently.

In addition to his surgical duties, Carson finds time at least twice a month to address groups of junior high school and high school students who visit the hospital. Carson has written two books Gifted Hands and Think Big.









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